Falling levels of violent crime in the west of Scotland has driven an 89% reduction across the country over the past decade, a study has concluded.
Glasgow’s reduction in serious assaults and attempted murders was identified as a particular factor behind the fall.
There were 1,872 violent crimes in Glasgow in 2008-09 compared to 914 in 2017-18.
It follows analysis of more than 1,000 police case files over a 10-year period.
The study also found that serious assaults were now far less likely to involve a weapon compared to those recorded in 2008-09.
The Scottish government study said the overall reduction was also being helped by a large drop in the number of young people involved in serious violent crime.
The government said this was partly due to public health campaigns including “No knives, better lives”.
But the study showed alcohol continued to be a factor in violence, with almost two-thirds of serious assaults in 2017-18 having involved drink.
The analysis was based on recorded crimes figures published last year that revealed serious assault and attempted murder cases fell by just over a third (35%) between 2008-09 and 2017-18.
Other findings included:
- the proportion of crimes occurring in a public or private setting has remained steady, with most (70%) taking place in public
- while most serious assaults (80%) are still against a male victim, the total number of these cases fell 41%, while there was little change in the number of female victims
- most male victims are seriously assaulted by an acquaintance (55%) or stranger (23%), while female victims are more likely to be assaulted by a partner, ex-partner or relative (52%)
A separate study over the same period highlighted the reduction in the proportion of younger offenders convicted of certain violent crimes, as well as the overall fall in convictions.
The deputy director of Scotland’s Violence Reduction Unit, Will Linden, believed that reducing violence further would require tackling problems in society.
He told BBC Scotland: “When we first started out [with the unit], we said that if we wanted to reduce violence in Scotland we had to tackle it in the west and tackle it in Glasgow because that was responsible for a disproportionate high level.”
Mr Linden went on to says that the success at cutting violence in and around Glasgow needed to be built upon by tackling problems in society such as alcohol, poverty, social isolation and exclusion.
He said: “Those are the big issues that we need to actually tackle if we want to reach those next levels of reduction in Scotland.”
Justice Secretary Humza Yousaf welcomed the findings and said the research highlighted the positive impact of early intervention.
He added: “Our public health approach to reducing violence has garnered interest from London and elsewhere in the UK, as well as from the World Economic Forum.
“Despite this progress, we are working closely with police and others to tackle violence wherever it persists, and that includes keeping women and girls equally safe.”
Mr Yousaf said the government had strengthened the law to give police and prosecutors greater powers to tackle domestic abuse, while also promoting positive relationships among young people.