Maritime chokepoints: the backbone of international trade

Earlier this year, two reports analysing the world’s main shipping routes found that international trade is increasingly reliant on a handful of transit chokepoints, the disruption of which could easily throw the global food supply and the energy market into disarray.
The disruption of just one of the world’s eight key maritime chokepoints could have devastating effects on the global food security and put millions of people at risk.
This was the main warning of researchers from Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs, which used heat-maps based on vessels’ Automatic Identification System (AIS) data and expert judgment from the maritime industry to study the impact of sea channel closures on the food supply chain.
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